1. Recognize the symptoms of Bacteria Vaginosis (BV)

Bacterial vaginosis is typically marked by certain symptoms. These include:
➡Vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, often described as “fishy”.
➡Vaginal discharge that is white or grey and may look foamy
➡Burning on urination
➡Itchiness and irritation around the vagina
➡Keep in mind that not all women with BV have symptoms.

2. Recognize the symptoms of a yeast infection. 

Yeast infection symptoms can often resemble the symptoms of BV. 
These symptoms include:
➡An abnormal vaginal discharge. The discharge can be a watery, white discharge to a thick, white, and chunky discharge. This is often described as looking like cottage cheese.
Itching and burning of the vagina and labia
➡Painful intercourse
➡Painful urination
➡Redness and swelling of the area just outside of the vagina.

3. Recognize the symptoms of trichomoniasis.

Symptoms of trichomoniasis (sometimes called “trich”) in women can be:
➡Vaginal discharge that is usually smelly or itchy
➡Vaginal discharge that is typically frothy or foamy
➡Vaginal itching
➡Yellow or a gray-green discharge
➡Painful urination. 

4. Keep track of your menstrual cycle.

Vaginal infection symptoms can differ depending on where a woman is in her cycle. This is because the hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle can affect the composition of the bacteria in the vagina and the characteristics of the vaginal environment.
Knowing your menstrual cycle will help you keep track of changes that you’re experiencing.

5. Realize that some women experience no symptoms.

Many women have BV or trichomoniasis but they do not have any of the tell-tale symptoms.
If you suspect you might have an infection, see your doctor.
Trichomoniasis can be transmitted to sexual partners. If you suspect you have trich, see your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment.

6. Know that the risk of BV increases with certain activities.

Most women have probably had at least one experience with BV. There is no specific cause. Essentially anything that disrupts the normal bacterial balance in the vagina can result in BV. The risk of BV increases with:
➡Having a new sexual partner
➡Having multiple sexual partners
➡Having sex without a condom
➡Using an intrauterine device (IUD) as a method of birth control

7. Know what increases the risk of yeast infections

Yeast infections, also called candidiasis, are increased by:[
➡Wearing tight underwear or non-cotton panties. These styles of panties can increase the temperature, the moisture levels and can be irritating.
➡A weakened immune system
➡Using vaginal douches and/or perfumed feminine hygiene sprays
➡Vaginal trauma. This can be scratches in the vagina that occur during insertion of a tampon or other objects, or during rough sex.

8. Understand how these vaginal infections can occur.

These types of infections can occur because of a number of causes.
In BV, there is no specific cause, but it typically results from an imbalance of the normal bacterial populations.
Yeast infections can result after antibiotic use; the antibiotics kill off the normal bacterial populations, allowing the yeast to get a “foothold.” They can also come about as a complication of diabetes, or during hormonal changes, including a normal menstrual cycle or the use of birth control.

9. Visit your doctor. 

It is important to get the correct diagnosis from a doctor before starting treatment. The treatments for the different forms of vaginal infections can be different, depending on the degree of infection.
At the doctor’s office, your physician will likely take a sample of the vaginal discharge, ask for a urine sample and perform a vaginal exam. This exam may be uncomfortable but it is usually over quickly. The discharge will be tested for the presence of bacteria, yeast or other organisms such as Trichomonas.
It’s important to get a specific diagnosis from your doctor. The approaches for treating vaginal infections differ depending on the type of infection.

10. Know the risks of leaving an infection untreated.

Untreated or incorrectly treated BV can result in complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), pre-term births and low-birth weight babies and put a woman at higher risk of sexually transmitted infections such as HIV, herpes simplex virus (HSV ), chlamydia and gonorrhea. Untreated or incorrectly treated Trichomonas infections can also lead to increased risk of HIV.

11. See your doctor immediately if you have severe symptoms.

If you choose to only use natural remedies, make sure you call your physician if:
➡There is no improvement in your symptoms after three days.
➡You develop a fever.
➡You experience difficulty or pain on urination.
➡Sexual activity is painful.
➡You have abdominal pain.
➡The amount or characteristic of the vaginal discharge increases or changes (such as changing odor or color).
➡You have a new rash that appears anywhere on your body.

12.Tell your doctor you’re planning to use natural treatments. 

 You should always get a diagnosis from your physician when you first start experiencing any of the symptoms. This is because some natural treatments work better for BV or candidiasis, and others may not work as well. You can also use these treatments along with the medications prescribed by your physician. They don’t interfere with oral antibiotics.
Tell your doctor that you are using these approaches. If you are successful, perhaps your physician can recommend the method to others.

13. Warn sexual partners if you suspect you have trichomoniasis.

Trichomoniasis is classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), so if you are diagnosed with trichomoniasis, you should inform any sexual partner so they can be treated as well. 
If trichomoniasis is the diagnosis, then home remedies are not appropriate.


1. Know the risks of douching.

Douching is not generally recommended, because the vagina naturally cleans itself. But, it can be used sparingly when you have BV. You should know, however, that there is a risk of pushing the bacteria into your cervix and uterus and risk PID and other serious infections.
Douching is actually believed by many physicians to increase the risk of BV. 

2. Try a store-bought douche.

Douching is the procedure of washing or cleaning out the inside of the vagina with water or other mixtures of fluids. You can buy prepackaged mixes for douching at most pharmacies and drug stores. These usually come in a bottle with a curved neck or a bag.
Start by getting into the shower or bath. Most women find it easier to prop one leg on a surface like the edge of the tub. Be careful not to slip.
Then, with one hand, spread the labia (the “lips” that are on either side of the vagina) and find the vaginal opening.
Hold the bottle or bag in the other hand.
Gently squirt the douche upward through the tube or nozzle into your vagina.
The mixture will come back out through your vagina.

3. Mix apple cider vinegar with water for a douche.

Apple cider vinegar is believed to restore the acidic pH of the vagina. It can be used with relative effectiveness to get rid of BV.
Get a douche kit from a drugstore. You will use the equipment that is included with the kit. Or, you can use an enema kit, which has the same equipment as a douche kit.
Mix two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with one cup of warm filtered water. Don’t use white vinegar, as this is too acidic.
Use the douche twice a day for four days and then daily until all symptoms disappear. 

4. Try a douche made from hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide has disinfectant properties, and it can also get rid of irritants that can cause BV.
Mix 3% hydrogen peroxide with an equal amount of warm distilled water and douche with this mixture. Use distilled water because the water should be sterile and bacteria-free.
Use as a douche twice a day for four days and then daily until all symptoms disappear.

5.Use oregano essential oil and water as a douche.

Use two to three drops of essential oregano oil in eight ounces of distilled water. Repeat twice a day for one week. Repeat twice a day for four days and then daily until all symptoms disappear. 

For yeast infections, try douching with two to three drops of essential tea tree oil in eight ounces of distilled water. Repeat twice a day for one week. Repeat twice a day for four days and then daily until all symptoms disappear. Never ingest tea tree oil. [19]
You can also apply two to three drops of the oil on a tampon and insert the tampon into your vagina. Leave it in for about one hour.
Do not use essential oil treatments if you are pregnant, nursing, or expect to become pregnant in the immediate future.


1.Get an over-the-counter gel or cream.

Most of the gels and creams for vaginal yeast infections that you can get over-the-counter are almost as effective as anti-fungal medications. Examples include Monistat and Gyne-Lotrimin. Use as directed. If you have recurrent infections, use for seven days. 

2. See your doctor about recurring or long-lasting vaginal 

If you keep getting vaginal infections, or your infection won't go away, make an appointment to see your doctor. Recurrent yeast infections can be a sign of a more serious underlying disorder such as diabetes, cancer or HIV-AIDs.
If your symptoms don't clear up after three days, talk with your doctor about taking medication. You should also see your doctor if your symptoms return or worsen.
Your doctor may prescribe an anti-fungal medication to suppress the infection. You will likely need to take this medication every week or month for six months to a year. 

3.Take antibiotics for BV and trichomoniasis. 

Treatment will depend on the type of infection, how extensive or severe it is and how long you have had the infection. Antibiotics are prescribed for BV and for trichomoniasis, but they are not effective on yeast infections.
BV is generally treated with either metronidazole or clindamycin. These are considered safe if you are pregnant.
Male partners usually don’t need treatment, but female partners should be informed and tested.
Trichomoniasis is usually treated with a single dose of either metronidazole or tinidazole. These are considered safe if you are pregnant.
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection, so make sure your sexual partner(s) are treated as well and wait for seven days after treatment to have sex.

4. Treat stubborn vaginal yeast infections with an anti-fungal. 

Vaginal yeast infections can be treated with anti-fungal creams, ointments and vaginal suppositories.
Examples of these treatments are butoconazole (Gynazole-1), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat 3) and terconazole (Terazol 3). Your doctor can prescribe them or they are available (in weaker doses) over-the-counter at your pharmacy.

5.Treat a long-lasting yeast infection with fluconazole.

Vaginal yeast infections can also be treated with a single oral dose of fluconazole (Diflucan). Recurrent or more complicated yeast infections may be treated with higher doses of the medications or you may be asked to take them for a longer period of time.
Most often, your partner won’t need treatment. However, this may change if you experience recurrent infections. 

6. Use caution if you are pregnant.

Pregnant women can experience yeast infections, which should be cleared up before the baby is due. If you still have a yeast infection when the baby is born, it can pass to the baby, causing thrush.
Check with your doctor about treating vaginal infections during this time.

METHOD FOUR : Preventing Vaginal Infections

1. Take oral probiotics to prevent BV. 

You can take probiotics by mouth (either as capsules or in yogurt). These are mainly useful for prevention rather than treatment of BV. If you are prone to BV, eat one serving of yogurt daily (about 150 grams) with four to give billion CFU (Colony Forming Units). Make sure to choose a yogurt that has this information on the label.
You can also take probiotic capsules according to manufacturer’s recommendations. Experts don’t know exactly how ingested bacterial cultures in yogurt or probiotic supplements can populate the vagina, but there is evidence that they do.

2. Wash your genital area gently.

Use a very mild soap and warm water to wash your genital area. Dry yourself with a clean towel or allow yourself to air dry. You can also try drying it with a blow dryer set on cool.
Avoid scratching or rubbing your genitals. Keep irritation at a minimum by leaving your genitals alone. Don’t scratch or rub the area.

3. Wear only white, 100% cotton underwear. 

Cotton allows your genital area to stay cool and dry. The white underwear avoids irritants that may be in different dyes. Avoid nylon, acetate and any synthetic fibers.

Avoid wearing thong underwear because these tend to be irritating.

4.Use a mild detergent for your underwear. 

Use a mild and fragrance free soap (such as fragrance-free Woolite) for washing your panties. Do not use fabric softeners or dryer sheets. These also contain chemicals that may irritate you.

Double-rinse your underwear to ensure that all detergent is gone. Detergent residue can cause irritation.

5. Practice good habits with toileting.

Use white, soft toilet tissue. Remember always to wipe from the front to the back to minimize the risk of infection from bowel bacteria.

6. Use tampons during the day.

Instead of using sanitary napkins while you have your period, use tampons during the day. Stay away from deodorant tampons because of the risk of toxic shock syndrome. Replace tampons every few hours, depending on your flow.
Do not leave tampons in overnight. Use sanitary pads instead.

7. Avoid wearing pantyhose.

Pantyhose do not allow the genital area to “breathe.” They also trap heat and moisture, which creates the perfect setting for bacteria, yeast and other organisms. Instead, wear nylons with a cotton panty insert.

8. Avoid irritating products.

➡Avoid feminine hygiene products, which can irritate the vulva. These include deodorant sanitary pads, all feminine sprays and deodorants, any products containing Vaseline, oils or greases.
➡Avoid bubble baths, bath oils, talc, or powder, especially powder that contains cornstarch. Cornstarch provides food for microorganisms.

*Info Source : Wikihow>Health 

I hope this health article Helps. 

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