Facts About PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection and inflammation of a woman's pelvic organs including the uterus (womb), Fallopian tubes (tubes), ovaries, and cervix.

PID is very common and is estimated to affect around 1 million women every year in the US.
Pelvic inflammatory disease usually develops as the result of spread of a sexually-transmitted disease (STD).
Most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease are caused by gonorrhea and/or Chlamydia, although several different types of bacteria can be responsible.
Young, sexually active women with multiple sex partners are at greatest risk for pelvic inflammatory disease. Douching and a history of PID are other risk factors.
Pelvic inflammatory disease many not produce any symptoms or signs (referred to as being asymptomatic). In other cases it can cause

abdominal or pelvic pain,
vaginal discharge,
painful urination, or
painful sexual intercourse.

The treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease involves antibiotics directed against the organisms responsible for the disease.
Complications of untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can include scarring of the pelvic organs and infertility.
Pelvic inflammatory disease can be life-threatening in severe cases.

What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman's reproductive organs. Usually PID is caused by bacteria from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sometimes PID is caused by normal bacteria found in the vagina. If left untreated, PID can cause problems getting pregnant, problems during pregnancy, and long-term pelvic pain. 

Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?

PID affects about 5 percent of women in the United States. Your risk for PID is higher if you:

Have had an STI
Have had PID before
Are younger than 25 and have sex. PID is most common in women 15 to 24 years old.
Have more than one sex partner or have a partner who has multiple sexual partners
Douche. Douching can push bacteria into the reproductive organs and cause PID. Douching can also hide the signs of PID
Recently had an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted. The risk of PID is higher for the first few weeks only after insertion of an IUD. PID is rare after that time period. Getting tested for STIs before the IUD is inserted lowers your risk for PID.

What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
Many women do not know they have PID, because they do not have any signs or symptoms. When symptoms do happen, they can be mild or more serious. Signs and symptoms include:

Pain in the lower abdomen (this is the most common symptom)
Fever (100.4 F or higher)
Vaginal discharge that may smell foul
Painful sex
Painful urination
Irregular periods
Pain in the upper right abdomen

What is the treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease?

Taking of antibiotics will treat PID

Kindly see your doctor if you noticed any of the symptoms discussed above. 


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