URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND HOME REMEDIES


UTI SHORT FACTS

. An infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder or urethra.
. Very common
. More than 1.5 million cases per year (Nigeria)
. Treatable by a medical professional
. Usually self-diagnosable
. Lab tests or imaging often required
. Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
. Urinary tract infections are more common in women. They usually occur in the bladder or urethra, but more serious infections involve the kidney.
. A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting and fever.
. Common treatment is with antibiotics.

Ages affected
0-2 Common
3-5 Common
6-13 Common
14-18 Very common
19-40 Very common
41-60 Very common
60+ Very common

Genders affected are:
Males Common
Females Very common

CAUSES OF UTI

The most common cause is an excessive amount of the E. coli bacteria, which is naturally present in the large intestine. However, UTIs can also be caused by other viruses, fungi, and parasites.

Most of them develop as follows:

The pathogenic agents enter the system through the urethra (the tube through which urine exits the body).
Once inside, these microorganisms colonize the bladder’s tissues and kidneys, spreading the infection.
Since women have a shorter urethra than men, they’re more likely to be affected.
Risk factors
The most common risk factors include:

Poor personal intimate hygiene habits
Unprotected sexual relations
Resisting the urge to urinate for prolonged periods
Kidney stones
Diabetes
Injuries in the urinary tract
Pregnancy and menopause

SYMPTOMS 
Usually self-diagnosable
A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting and fever.
People may experience:
Pain areas: in the bladder, groin, lower abdomen, or pelvis
Pain circumstances: can occur during urination or during sexual intercourse
Urinary: foul smelling urine, frequent urination, bladder spasm, cloudy urine, dark urine, persistent urge to urinate, sense of incomplete bladder emptying, or blood in urine
Whole body: fatigue, fever, or malaise
Also common: cramping or vaginal irritation

TREATMENT
Antibiotics are given by your medical provider for treatment of UTI

The usual treatment for both simple and complicated urinary tract infections is antibiotics. The type of antibiotic and duration of treatment depend on the circumstances. Examples of common antibiotics used in treatment include, but are not limited to, amoxicillin, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (Bactrim), ciprofloxacin, nitrofurantoin (Macrobid), and many others. Your health-care provider will chose the appropriate medication for your condition and the specific causative organisms.

You may also like to Read: AMENORRHEA PROBLEMS, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND POSSIBLE REMEDIES

Home Remedies for UTI Patients

1. Baking soda
Baking soda
Baking soda’s alkaline properties alter the conditions the microorganisms need to thrive in the urinary tract. Consuming it moderately speeds up relief and soothes the discomfort felt while urinating.

Application
Add a teaspoon to a glass of water and drink on an empty stomach.
2. Pineapple
Pineapple contains an enzyme called bromelain, which reduces the inflammation of the urinary tract. As a result, it helps reduce the symptoms caused by infections.

Application
Eat many portions of pineapple a day until you see an improvement.
If you’d like, you can also make pineapple juice and drink 2 to 3 times a day.
3. Blueberries
Blueberries
Blueberries are considered to be the best remedy for urinary tract problems. Their concentration of antioxidants and natural anti-inflamatory properties brings fast relief for UTIs.

Application
Drink a glass of blueberry juice twice a day.
4. Hot compress
Using a hot compress won’t affect the microorganisms causing the infection. However, they’re useful for reducing swelling and pain in the lower abdomen.

Application
Put a hot compress over the affected area.
Let sit for at least 10 minutes for the heat to stimulate your circulation.
5. Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is great for fighting viral and bacterial infections. In addition, its active compounds inhibit the growth of microorganisms and reduce inflammation.

Application
Dilute in warm water and take a 5-minute sitz bath.
6. Barley water
Barley water’s diuretic properties clean the urinary tract, reducing the amount of harmful germs and bacteria.

Application
Prepare barley water and drink 2 to 3 times a day.

@Clinicgists