ASTHMA ATTACK, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND PREVENTION

ASTHMA ATTACK, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND PREVENTION


Asthma is condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, narrow and swell and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe.

Ooops!! about more than 1.5 million cases per year (Nigeria)
Asthma is treatable by a medical professional which will requires a medical diagnosis
Lab tests or imaging often required

Chronic Asthma: can last for years or be lifelong
Asthma can be minor or it can interfere with daily activities. In some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening attack.




Asthma may cause difficulty in breathing, chest pain, cough and wheezing. The symptoms may sometimes flare up.

Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms. Severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open, as well as oral steroids.

People may experience:
Cough which can occur at night, during exercise, can be chronic, dry, with phlegm, mild, or severe
Respiratory: difficulty breathing, wheezing, breathing through the mouth, fast breathing, frequent respiratory infections, rapid breathing, or shortness of breath at night. 
Also common: chest pressure, flare, anxiety, early awakening, fast heart rate, or throat irritation. 

Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms. Severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open, as well as oral steroids.

Medications
Bronchodilator
Helps open the airways of the lungs to make breathing easier.

Steroid
Modifies or simulates hormone effects, often to reduce inflammation or for tissue growth and repair.

Anti-Inflammatory
Prevents or counteracts swelling (inflammation) in joints and tissues.

Self-care
Quitting smoking
Quitting smoking tobacco.

You can see the following specialists:

Pulmonologist
Treats respiratory tract diseases.

Paediatrician
Provides medical care for infants, children and teenagers.

Respiratory Therapist
Treats and provides emergency care for patients who have trouble breathing.

If you have an asthma flare-up, a quick-relief inhaler can ease your symptoms right away. But if your long-term control medications are working properly, you shouldn't need to use your quick-relief inhaler very often.

Keep a record of how many puffs you use each week. If you need to use your quick-relief inhaler more often than your doctor recommends, see your doctor. You probably need to adjust your long-term control medication

Most importantly, Consult a doctor for medical advice

Sources: College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and others

@clinicgists 

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